26 Jun 2023
4 min read

Understanding the NOMAD States

Explore the tax havens of the NOMAD states with no state sales tax. Uncover nuances, stay compliant, and understand unique tax structures.
Table of contents

NOMAD States

Picture this. You're strolling through the labyrinth of sales tax laws in the United States, and suddenly you come across five states that hit like a cool breeze on a hot summer day: the NOMAD states.

These states, devotedly referred to as NOMAD (New Hampshire, Oregon, Montana, Alaska, and Delaware), have something unique to offer—they don't impose any state sales tax. You read that right, no state sales tax. It's like a dream come true, giving you a reason to rest easy at night.

However, before you become too complacent, keep in mind that there are always nuances to consider when it comes to sales tax. While these NOMAD states may not impose state-wide sales tax, it's crucial to remember that the government still requires revenue to maintain smooth operations.

So, where does this revenue come from? The NOMAD states have their own compensatory methods for the lack of state sales tax revenue. They frequently depend on higher business, income, or excise taxes compared to states with a state sales tax. And then there are local jurisdictional sales tax nuances to be aware of.

To ensure clarity, let's delve a little deeper into these states and their unique tax structures.

New Hampshire

In the picturesque state of New Hampshire, you'll discover a unique tax landscape. Here, they don't impose a state sales tax, which means you won't be burdened with additional fees when making purchases. However, one nuance to be aware of with this state is when it comes to food for immediate consumption, a different set of rules applies. While there is no sales tax on groceries, be prepared for a moderate 9% tax when dining out at fast food establishments or restaurants. It's important to note that this tax is imposed by local jurisdictions, so the specific rates may vary depending on where you are. So, while you can enjoy tax-free grocery shopping, remember that indulging in the convenience of eating out will come with a slight 9% tax added to your bill.


When it comes to taxes in Oregon, it's essential to navigate the unique landscape of their tax system. While Oregon is known for not imposing a state-wide sales tax, there is another tax that businesses need to be aware of: the Corporate Activity Tax (CAT). This tax is levied on certain businesses based on their commercial activity within the state. To ensure compliance with the CAT and other tax obligations, it's advisable to consult with a local CPA or tax professional who can provide guidance specific to your business.

Photo by David Morris on Unsplash


While Montana is known for not imposing a statewide sales tax, it's important to note that there are certain tourist locations within the state where you may encounter sales tax. These local cities or jurisdictions have the authority to impose a sales tax, and it typically ranges at a rate of 3-4%, depending on the jurisdiction.

While these locations are limited – numbering around a dozen or so – it’s essential to stay informed.

If you find yourself physically present in one of these locations in Montana, it becomes your responsibility to collect and remit the sales tax on any applicable sales within those areas. This means that if you're conducting business or making sales within these jurisdictions, you must ensure compliance with the local sales tax regulations and collect the appropriate taxes from your customers.


In Alaska, the concept of implementing a statewide sales tax has been a topic of discussion for years. However, as of now, there is no statewide sales tax in place. While the idea of a statewide sales tax is being debated, it has not gained significant traction, and its implementation remains uncertain.

However, it's important to note that certain local jurisdictions in Alaska impose their own sales tax. For instance, the city of Juneau has a sales tax rate of 5%. These local sales taxes vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction, and it's crucial to know the specific rates and regulations if you are conducting business or making sales in those areas.

Additionally, in 2021, the Alaska Remote Sellers Sales Tax Commission was established on behalf of 54 local jurisdictions. This commission requires remote sellers to collect sales tax if they meet certain thresholds, such as exceeding $100,000 in sales or conducting 200 transactions. The exact implications and enforcement of this requirement are still evolving, and it is yet to be seen how it will be interpreted legally or if any related legislation will be challenged in court.

As the situation continues to develop, it's crucial to stay informed about any updates or changes related to sales tax regulations in Alaska. 


In Delaware, the tax landscape is relatively straightforward. The state does not impose a sales tax or a personal income tax, which can be seen as a benefit for individuals and businesses operating within its borders.

However, it's important to note that Delaware does have a specific tax known as the Gross Receipts Tax. This tax is not directly imposed on consumers but rather on businesses based on their gross revenue, regardless of the source. The tax rates for the Gross Receipts Tax range from 0.0945% to 0.7468%, depending on the nature of the business activity.

Apart from the Gross Receipts Tax, Delaware also has a rental or lease tax, which is due to the state. This tax applies to the rental or lease of certain tangible property.

Overall, Delaware's tax structure is relatively favorable compared to many other states, as it lacks a traditional sales tax and personal income tax. However, it's still essential to understand and comply with other imposed taxes to ensure compliance with Delaware's tax regulations.


The NOMAD states provide a refreshing escape from the traditional state-wide sales tax burdens. However, it's crucial to remember that each state may still have unique sales tax obligations that must be understood and complied with. To navigate these complexities effectively, seeking guidance from sales tax professionals can prove invaluable. They can offer personalized advice and ensure you stay on the right side of the law. At Peisner Johnson, we understand the intricacies of sales tax regulations and are here to help. If you have any further questions or need sales tax assistance, we invite you to schedule a free call with our team. There is confidence in collaboration, and by working together, we can ensure your sales tax compliance journey is smooth and successful. So, stay informed, stay compliant, and remember that you don't have to face the challenges of sales tax alone. Let us be your trusted partner as you navigate the sales tax intricacies of the NOMAD states and beyond.
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